Mating and child-birth in Samoyed dogs

Arranging Samoyed mating

If you own a female-Samoyed, you probably would like it to bear puppies for you. Our recommendations and advice would help you safeguard yourself against the problems, usually faced by beginning Samoyed breeders.

Mating preparation

The Samoyed should only be mated after reaching the age of at least 18 months. Even then the dog should have the pedigree assessment of no less than “very good” and results for hip dysplasia test.
If you want to mate the female dog you must select the male dog in advance. You can perform all formalities through any of the canine clubs or nurseries registered with RCF. You are not tightly tied to any club, nursery or head of the breed.

The process of mating

Mating should be carried-out on the 11-14 days from the start of the period (blood discharge), but these are reference numbers. At this time the discharge becomes lighter and the D-loop gets looser. For proper mating it is recommended to avail the services of a professional mating instructor. The instructor will organize everything. It is necessary to fill-in the mating Act, which should be signed by the owners of the male and female dogs. The second, supplementary mating is carried-out the next day – also controlled by the instructor.


The dog’s pregnancy lasts for 58-63 days. It not necessary to make any changes in the dog’s rations for the first month of pregnancy, only add vitamin and mineral supplements on daily basis (for example, Irish Cal). During this period there are no special changes in the dog’s behaviour, it just sleeps more, usually starts looking better and needs more frequent walks.
It is only possible to be certain of the pregnancy only starting from the 40th day (in first time pregnancies), but in case of second and subsequent pregnancies it can happen earlier: the lacteal glands become pink and harder. The belly grows the most during the last two weeks.
It is recommended to add sweetness in the dog’s diet during the last week: add a spoon of sugar in butter milk or curd. This is prevention against eclampsia.

The Samoyed delivery

The birth of Sami puppies, Video gallery

If you have no experience in dog delivery, it is better to avail the services of a professional veterinarian or dog expert. But if you want to do it yourself, here are some helpful tips:

— Make a large aviary for the puppies. You can use two planks to fence a corner in the room. The height of the aviary should be no less than 60cm, so that growing puppies would not be able to escape the aviary. The puppies can live in the aviary for 3-4 weeks.

— The premises allocated for the dog’s delivery and where the puppies would live should not have draughts. But the puppies do need fresh air.

— You should make prior arrangements with a veterinarian, preferably a specialist in obstetrics, that you could call during the process of delivery at any time, even in the night. You should also have confidence that the said veterinarian could come to you if needed.

— Prepare a few nappies and small pieces of fabric

— Following should be purchased from a pharmacy: oxytocin (do not buy the said medicine by “Brintsalov-Ferein”, better buy the product of the Moscow endocrine medication factory), manganese sulphate injection, sulphocamphocain ampouled, calcium-chloride solution and a few disposable syringes. You can ask the veterinarian about how to use the said medications and equipment.

— Before starting the delivery process: a bowl of water, where you could wash your hands

— Morally get ready for the delivery: it is quite normal for anyone, even a non-specialist, to assist in dog’s delivery.

—Do not inject any stimulant (oxytocin) before the start of delivery – the alvus can close and the dog would not be able to give birth.

After the start of delivery, you should not worry, because your dog can take care of everything itself. Anyway following are useful tips

— If the puppy is born head first, everything is OK. But if the birth is in the other direction, take the already arranged fabric and pull out the puppy. You must do it fast because otherwise the puppy might gulp the obstetric fluid and may drown.

— If the puppy chokes, immediately take it in your left hand, with its back on your palm, head pointing down and raise it a little. Make repeat pressing motions from the leg to the neck over the belly. If the fluid had entered the puppy’s respiratory tract, it would leak out.

— If the puppy would be born with the heam, readily disjoint the heam. Do not let the dog eat the heam – this can cause protein poisoning.

— Count the number of heams (bubbles).

— After the birth tag each puppy with bands of various colours, so that you could identify them later.

— Write down, which puppy was born at what time and how many heams were discharged. If the number of heams is less than the number of puppies born, it is alright. The alvus would clean itself during the next few days after the birth, so the heams left inside will be discharged. To speed up the process you can once inject oxytocin – but only after consulting the doctor. The proper dose of oxytocin for the Samoyed dogs is 2ml (once).

— Put the puppies to feed from their mother as soon as possible, because the dog’s milk during the first few days is very fatty (colostrum). The puppy should drink colostrum as soon as possible, so that the puppy’s digestive system would start working.

— The interval between the births of puppies can be a few minutes to a few hours. You should not sleep until the delivery is finished and you must take care of the dog. You can put the born puppies to the nipples in the intervals between the contractio

— You check for the end of delivery process by touching the dog’s belly. If you do not experience in this, please avail the assistance of an experienced person

To make sure that all the puppies were born, please perform ultrasound scan right after the delivery.

After birth

The dog remains nervous for a few days after the delivery: breathes faster and covers its puppies. It does not ask to go out, holds back till the last moment. You might even have to take dog out for toilet by force. And as soon as it finishes its call of nature it runs back to the puppies. This is normal behaviour. The anxiety is due to the contraction of the ovary and excessive flow of milk.

The first week after birth is critical for the puppies. During this period you should check on the puppies and the dog at short intervals, even if it means interference in your sleep and work. But this hardship means: you could be confident that after this time your puppies would live, grow and bring you pleasure.

If the dog would deny feed for its puppies or takes the nipples away from the puppies, you should manually put them back to the nipples. This can be learnt from some experienced person — you should know about this in advance.

You should weigh the puppies daily using domestic common scales, which have an accuracy of ± 10 grams. The results of your calculation must be noted in a table. The puppies grow by as much as 30-50 grams per day, but some record breaking puppies can even grow more than 100 grams per day (not every day). The puppies, who grow slower than the others, should be put to feed more regularly than others and to the nipples with the most milk.